Category Archives: Uncategorized

Grenada & Carriacou Museums

Grenada & Carriacou Museums

Rome Museum, Walker, St Andrew

The Rome Museum is located in Walker, near Tuilleries, in St Andrew and is run by Mr Rome. With over 50 years of his own history plus that handed down to him, the vividly finished building is full of displays from household contraptions such as charcoal filled irons. The museum is tiny with a unique little display of Grenadian relics, including a mud earth oven as well as many, many other fascinating objects.
There is even more to see when you go outside, from the sugar can juice extractor to some unusual modes of transport. Mr Rome is open weekly on Monday to Friday from 9am to 4pm.  Call before visiting to ensure someone is there to meet you.

Heritage Museum, St Patrick

The Heritage Museum is part of the Belmont Estate in the parish of St Patrick. You will travel backwards through time and experience the easy heritage and spirit of our ancestors. With documented pieces about the ancestry, traditions, and of Grenada. Its plantation and history of Belmont Estate.

Grenada National Museum, St George

The Grenada National Museum (GNM) is located at the corner of Young Street and Monckton Street, St. George’s. It opened its doors to the public on 17 April 1976, however the main part of the museum was built in the late 1700s.

The museum shows historical artefacts which consists of objects displaying Grenada’s history and culture. Collections include slavery, first dwellers and fishing archaeology. Also exhibited are agricultural machinery that was previously used in the manufacture of sugar and rum, whaling equipment from the whaling station at Glover Island, plus much more.

Carriacou Museum

The Carriacou Museum was founded in 1976 and is located in Paterson Street. The Carriacou Historical


Society manages the museum and it is housed in a restored cotton gin mill. Inside the museum you will see an impressive display of Amerindian artefacts as well as exhibits from the early British and French occupation of the islands. It also has an African section plus various object from colonial times.

Advertisements

Grenada Heritage: Headmaster of Boy’s Secondary School

In our continuing series on capturing Grenadian heritage we look at – David Hedog-Jones.

By Ric Greaves 18 Oct 2013

David Hedog-Jones (c1875-1942)

Grenadian School Headmaster; WWI Captain; African School Headmaster; and Vicar.

Margaret Edith (née Martin) with her new husband David Hedog-Jones,
Captain in the British West Indian Regiment, on their wedding day 29th of July 1916.

David Hedog-Jones was probably born not far from Hedog in Gwynedd North Wales, close to Aberdaron, sometime in the 1870’s, however his birth and marriage details have currently not been found.

Unfortunately we know almost nothing of his early life and indead exactly how how he came to be in Grenada.

We do know that in 1910 he earned his National Diplomas (B.A., B.Sc.) in Dairying from the University College of Wales (Aberystwyth) and the British Dairy Institute, Reading and must have taken up the post of Headmaster a Grenada Boy’s Secondary School (GBSS) immediately.

The GBSS was founded as a fee-paying school back in 1885 by the Cocoa and Sugar planters of the island for their children and followed the English grammar school style of education.  However, the Colonies were looking to develop education throughout the empire and at about this time the school was reorganized and reopened at the renovated premises on Melville Street, Saint George’s as a free government school with between seventy and eighty boys on the 18th of September 1911.

In 1912 David, as Headmaster of GBSS, published his paper on “Agricultural Education in Grenada“.  It illustrated the difficulty he and Grenadian schools in general had with the development of vital education in the field of agriculture.  The paper dealt with the importance of agricultural education on the island in its various aspects as consideration on the part of authorities in the West Indies, during the previous decade, particularly the work of the Imperial Department of Agriculture.  At the time attempts had been made to introduce rural teaching into Grenada elementary schools, the main purpose of the paper was to show how the re-constituted secondary school in that island would be made to bear relationship to the island in general and to the agricultural community in particular.  It seams, however, that he failed in attempts to introduce nature study as a useful subject, into Grenada elementary schools.  The lack of requisite and sympathetic knowledge on the part of teachers in the schools — a condition due specifically to the fact that lectures given to such teachers in the in the earlier years were not followed up by further courses.  The enthusiasm first engendered soon waned, and a few years later it was proposed that grants should be curtailed in the case of schools that did not use their agricultural plots.  The matter began to be serious toward 1907, and since that time the agricultural plot were finally literally abandoned.

This was followed by his attendance to the eighth West Indian Agricultural Conference held in Jamaica in January that year and prompted his 71 page paper entitled the same.

Meanwhile his experiences in Grenada promoted his drive to understand the origin, the behavior, and the physical, social, and cultural development of the islands people – leading him to attain another M.A. from Jesus College at the University of Oxford in 1914.  This led to his next two books “Glimpses of the Caribbees and Elsewhere” and “West Indian Studies” which look into folk lore, religion, magic, agricultural conference, and glimpses of the Caribees.


Unfortunately on the 28th of July of that year, just one month after the Austrian Archduke Ferdinand and his wife are assassinated by the student Gavrilo Princip, the world was thrown into the horrors of our First World War and the estimated casualties of 37 million men which included 8.5 million deaths.  A dark cloud is looming over everyone in the British Colonies and would soon reach the Caribbean and Grenada…
In April of 1915 David encourages the GBSS to published a school magazine, “The Caribbean” which outlines the progressive work school and he himself submits an article on agricultural education in Grenada emphasizing the necessity of bringing the teaching of the primary schools into a more direct connexion with that of the secondary school.  The following year the magazine contained an interesting collection of folklore and brings out the striking characteristic of West African folklore, namely, the strong personification of animals, particularly the spider and also a list of West Indian proverbs.

Lt. David D. H. J. Martin-Jone

David had met Margaret Edith (born in 1876 in Sunderland, Durham, England), she was the daughter of Canon Henry Martin.  It wasn’t too long before the couple had a a son, David Henry James who went on also to have gain an M.A., have a military career as Flight Lieutenant in the Royal Air Force, receive an M.B.E, and become a Councillor in 1966 and Mayor of Cheltenham (England) by 1974.

With the war looming many young couples felt a more urgent need to make their commitment to each other more permanent and likewise David married Edith on the 29th of July 1916.

However with the heavy rains of October 1916, the looming war began calling more of it’s children to fight and David had to leave the GBSS and join up.  His departure was noted as follows:-

“Owing to the departure of Mr. Hedog-Jones, science teaching at the Grenada Boys’ School is in abeyance. This has caused delay in the beginning of work under the new agricultural cadetship scheme”.

On the 29th of November 1916 Captain David Hedog-Jones of the Grenada Volunteer Force takes up his position as Temporary Lieutenant of the Fifth Battalion of the British West Indian Regiment.
By the May of the following year he is made Temporary Captain in the Oversea Contingent of the BWIR.  Like all staff officers he was in the classification FF which denoted gradings for War Office posts for pay and allowances of up to £400 per annum. Finally by in August of 1919 Captain C. H. Burke relinquished his rank, David was obliged to take up the position of Temporary Major. During the end of 1917 their second child, daughter Edith is born in Great Ouseburn, Yorkshire (England).

We haven’t, as yet, found the records of his war career but we do know that when in February of 1920 David was in Haifa, Palestine on the staff of the Department of Agriculture at a time when the first of two large political demonstrations took place proceeding the events of Easter weekend David was very much there and wrote:-

…in the absence of both police and soldiers, the breaking open of shops in the New Bazaar, and looting was absolutely unrestrained“.

The war over, officially David relinquished his rank of Temporary Major two years later in October of 1920.  At about this time he became a member of the Palestine Oriental Society and Society of Cymmrodorion.
As with many soldiers of that period it is evident that the war had a profound effect on David.  Most certainly with the influence and support of Margaret Edith he turned to religion and became a Vicar and in 1923 the family are living at the Kelloe Vicarage in Coxhoe, Durham (England).

At some point in 1923 David was invited by Hugh Clifford to take up a post as the Organiser of Practical Education to control the Trade Schools in Accra on the Gold Coast and he and Margaret travelled by ship to Ghana, Africa.  He was there to aid with the development of education in Accra as Headmaster and member of the ‘European’ (as apposed to African) staff of the four JUNIOR TRADE SCHOOLS, which consisted of three other headmasters Lieut.-Col. E. St. J. Christophers (deceased by 14 Feb 1924), D.S.O., Captain H. G. Ardron, Captain A. Drake. Brockman, and one relief headmaster). The African staff were four each of Woodwork, Metalwork, Masonry, Agricultural and Literary instructors.

Although he took five months leave in the second half of that first year he spent the whole of the next two years there teaching and developing the schools.  He wrote a short report on the four Junior Trade Schools on the 17 Aug 1925.  They were all, at the time, in temporary buildings one for the Eastern Province (Kibi with 72 pupils), the Central and Western Provinces (Assuantsi, 60 pupils),Northern Territories (Yendi, 90 pupils), and one for the Ashanti (Mampong, 60 pupils.  This later school was originally ministered by Elizabeth W Telfer as headmistress in charge of the Province until, April 12th when she left and David then took charge, and he was required to combine the duties of Acting Provincial Inspector of Schools and Headmaster of the Junior Trade School, Mampong. until she returned on October 1st.

Rev. David and Margaret Edith returned to England some time before 1929 when the family moved to the Brookthorpe Vicarage, near Gloucester (England) where they remain for some ten years.  Then in March of 1932 he was the Incumbent of the Benefice of Brookthorpe with Whaddon where he was on the Toddington Parish Council with Margaret Edith.

The former educator of the Grenada Boy’s Secondary School passed away whilst at home in Ewesham Road, Toddington near Cheltenham (England) on Tuesday 24th of March 1942.

Ten years later David’s son married a member of the Grimsby family of Lincolnshire (England) and county tennis player, Miss Susan Anningston Tickler, daughter of the late Mr Harry Tickler, at St James’ Church on the 7th of July 1952.  And Margaret Edith lives almost another two decade and died as a widow aged 84 on the 24th of November 1960 in the family home.

References

  • D. Hedog-Jones, “Agricultural Education in Grenada, with Special Reference to the Secondary School for Boys”, West Indian Bulletin, vol. 12-13, 1912, p.221
  • D. Hedog-Jones, “A West Indian Agricultural Conference”, 1912, pp.71
  • D. Hedog-Jones, “Glimpses of the Caribbees and Elsewhere”, 1914, pp.97
  • The Agricultural News, vol. 14, no. 338, 1915, p.124
  • The Agricultural News, vol. 15, no. 358, 1916, p.44
  • D. Hedog-Jones, “West Indian Studies”, 1916, pp.97
  • Ed., D. Hedog-Jones, “The Caribbean”, vol. 1, 8vo., 1916
  • The London Gazette, Issues 30295 to 32127
  • Palin report, British National Archives (FO 371/5121)
  • Gloucestershire Echo, 1942, p.4
  • Cheltenham Chronicle, 1942, p.6
  • C. L. Joseph, “The British West Indies Regiment 1914–1918″, Journal of Caribbean History, vol. II, May 1971, pp. 94–124

Digitizing the Grenada’s archives: Here’s where you come in

We’re seeking your any old Grenadian documents, manuscripts, maps, etc.

by Ric Greaves on Thursday, 04 June 2013

Last month we told you about the Grenada’s Historical Digitization Project:

The dream – Grenada’s Historical Digitization Project, could be made possible with the support of you and the Corporate world, we would be partnered to make a PAO (periodical archives online) database of our historical records and manuscripts. If all goes well, the back-end work on the Grenada’s digital archive will be accomplished with work on the publicly accessible archive service.

Our rich collection: there are many historic books, document, manuscripts, maps and more on and about Grenada that many of you have stashed in atticks and cellars, boxes and storage.

We’re missing decades of resources, and we hope to solicit your help in locating some of these missing copies down the road.

Now we hope to begin building a digital archive of our 500-year history. The digitization is still in need of physical resources like scanners, imaging machines, digital-cameras, lights, storage-boxes, and hope to get started on the publicly accessible archive some time in 2014. In the meantime, we’ve been enjoying going through many items you’ve already shipping to us.

Now we’d like to invite you to get involved. Here’s how: although work on the project is hard, many items from our collection are missing, unavailable or not in good enough condition for use in the project. We’d like to invite you to be a part of history by sharing your old Grenada’s material with us, helping build Grenada’s largest digital online archive. We’re currently accepting donations of of any materials in good condition from any point in our past. If you (or your brother, or your grandmother) would like to make a donation, or find out more about the specific issues we’re seeking, please contact us at archives@gov.gd and tell us a bit about your history with Grenada — we would love to hear it.

For future updates on this groundbreaking project, check in here. The history of Grenada is the history of all our people (including you abroad), and we are thrilled to be putting together a digital archive to preserve this legacy. We hope you will join us.

 

 

Ric Greaves is project manager for the Grenada’s Historical Digitization Project.

What’s Happening to Your Library

Documents


Here are a collection of useful documents related to the development of the Library Services.
[Revised May 2013]

Heritage: The French Battle of Grenada and the Comte d’Esta

 
The Battle of Grenada and the Comte d’Estaing

         Once the French joined the American Revolutionary War, it became a more global conflict as they began to send reinforcements to the Revolutionaries and to challenge British naval dominance.  Setting sail in April 1778, the Comte d’Estaing sat at the head of a significant fleet and expeditionary force sent to come to the aide of the beleaguered Americans.  After a few defeats and setbacks in the north, most notably a failed attack on New York and another failed move against the British in Newport, RI, d’Estaing repaired his fleet in Boston for some time before setting out to the Caribbean.  This move was so that d’Estaing could recuperate his forces at the French island of Martinique and capture British posts at Grenada and St. Vincent while reinforcements from France were being gathered.  Moving with a force of 25 ships and 5,500 troops, d’Estaing easily captured the two islands, along with 30 merchant ships that were docked in the Grenada harbor, but holding on to these prizes was another matter.

British Vice Admiral John Byron with 21 ships quickly mobilized against the French fleet.  Due to changing wind conditions, faulty intelligence, and the general difficulty of communication at sea, the ensuing battle progressed with much confusion on both sides.  Thinking that half the French fleet was at Port Royale rather than at Grenada, Byron believed he had a numerical advantage, and ordered his ships on in a general chase of the perceived disorderly French fleet, which quickly disrupted the British battle formation as each ship eagerly pressed forward as fast as it could.  The French were in a much better position than Byron had presumed.  With their entire fleet present and in good order, they managed to form a proper battle line and were able to inflict significant damage to a number of British vessels as they attempted to form up.  Byron was unable to get his forces fighting properly, as his change in orders in response to learning the French full numbers only served to further disorder his fleet.

Once the smoke settled, the fighting proved somewhat indecisive.  The French had suffered more casualties, 190 killed and 759 wounded to the British 183 killed and 346 wounded, but the French had managed to defend their captured position at Grenada.  In the fighting, the British had also suffered heavy damage to a number of their ships’ riggings, so that for a time after, the British fleet was only able to form a defensive line due to a loss of tactical mobility.  D’Estaing had achieved a tactical victory but did not press his advantage and pursue any more action against the British.  Instead, he moved the French fleet off to Georgia for his ill-fated Savannah Campaign.  The loss of productive sugar plantations in the West Indies caused wealthy British merchants to pressure Parliament, and of the next shipment of 7,000 reinforcements, 3,000 were sent to Jamaica to continue the fighting in the West Indies.

D’Estaing himself would be largely forgotten in popular memory of the Revolution, as his attempt on Savannah would end in a clear defeat due to his own overconfidence.  His contribution to the cause, however, was much more than a string of French failures as he played a significant role in persuading the French government to send the forces that would later fight at Yorktown, the battle that ensured American success.  His contribution did not go unnoticed, however, as he was given citizenship and a grant of 20,000 acres of land from the State of Georgia.  He was executed during the French Revolution on 29th April 1794.  The land did acquire a bit of fame when legends grew that d’Estaing used the land to base the operations of a group of bandits, the first case of organized crime in the south.  Regardless of whether or not the land was actually the base of the first southern crime syndicate, d’Estaing deserves to be remembered as a key contributor to the success of the American Revolution.

 

 
Hue, Jean-Francois, Naval Combat off the Isle of Grenada, 6th July 1779.  1788